Osteoporosis is a condition common in older people, especially in women after menopause. After menopause, the levels of female sex hormone, estrogen decreases, this causes the bone to lose its strength. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is an osteoporosis treatment that reduces the risk of bone breakage by strengthening bones. In HRT for osteoporosis, estrogen is combined with progesterone and administered to strengthen the bones. Shared below are the details regarding hormone replacement therapy (HRT), read on to know more about it.
Who Can Undertake Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)?
HRT is usually prescribed for women below the age of 50, as well as for those between the ages of 50 and 60 years with a high risk for breaking bones. Also, this is often seen in women with menopausal symptoms. However, HRT is not suitable for all, especially if you had a blood clot, stroke, heart disease, liver disease, high blood pressure, and history of an ovary or breast cancer.
Different Types Of Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) For Osteoporosis
The different types of HRT for osteoporosis in women are listed below.
Sequential Combined Therapy: In this type of HRT, estrogen and progesterone are taken separately. Estrogen is taken continually, while progesterone is taken 12 days in a month.
Continuous Combined Therapy: In this type of HRT, estrogen and progesterone are taken continually in a month, and this is prescribed for postmenopausal osteoporosis in women.
Estrogen Only HRT: As the name implies, in this type of HRT, estrogen is taken continuously, and this is prescribed for those who have undergone a hysterectomy.
Tibolone: In this type, tibolone is used like ordinary HRT medications. It is a synthetic steroid that mimics the activity of testosterone, estrogen, and progesterone in the body.
Precautions When Undergoing Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) For Osteoporosis
Before taking an HRT for osteoporosis, you must talk to your doctor about the possible side effects, and the medications used. Usually, it is not prescribed for more than 5 years. Also, you must do an annual review of the treatment with your doctor. Moreover, before taking the treatment, you must ensure that the benefits outweigh the risks. Above all, you should know that as soon as you stop the treatment, the effect of bone-strengthening starts to decrease.
Side Effects Of Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) For Osteoporosis
Some of the known side effects are breakthrough bleeding, stomach upsets, bloated feeling, breast enlargement and tenderness, and leg cramps.
We hope that the aforementioned details clarified your doubts about osteoporosis treatment – hormone replacement therapy (HRT).