A risk factor refers to any characteristic, attribute, or exposure of a person which increases the possibility of developing a health condition. Some factors which increase the likelihood of developing osteoporosis are beyond your control, such as age, ethnicity, gender, etc. However, some osteoporosis risk factors can be changed. Regardless of how old you are, you can do something about the health of your bone.
Daily, your own body breaks down bone and substitutes it with the new one. As you age, however, more bone will be lost than gained. In the event too much bone is lost, you can develop osteoporosis. Some of the osteoporosis risk factors that you can control are explained below.
Intakes of Low Vitamin D and Calcium
A lifelong inadequacy of calcium is a big factor in the osteoporosis disease development. Low intakes of calcium contribute to reduced bone density, early loss of bone, and an increased possibility of fractures. Vitamin D is vital for calcium absorption, so chronically low levels of it can contribute to this disease. Some studies indicate that vitamin D may be low in large portions of American population. However, it is difficult to interpret the data as the definition of the things that constitute deficiency can vary. Checking your vitamin D level is still a good idea if you are in a category of more advanced risk of deficiency.
Lack of Exercise
Regular exercise is important to prevent not just osteoporosis, but fractures too. Lack of physical activity expedites bone loss; while, weight-bearing exercises like resistant training and walking can maintain or increase the bone density, regardless of your age.
Severely controlling the intake of food and being below a weight that is thought to be normal, can make your bone weaker.
Here is one more reason to quit smoking – it is bad for human bones. It interferes with the natural production of testosterone and estrogen, which are required to build bone. It disrupts calcium absorption too, so why not quit smoking and do your health a favor.
Drinking adversely affects bone building, and it stimulates the process of bone loss. If you opt to drink alcohol, then do it within reasonable limits. For healthy men who are above 65 years of age and ladies of all ages, this means a maximum of one drink per day; and, for men aged 65 years and below, this means up to a couple of drinks a day.